How to create/list/delete flavors in OpenStack using API

In Openstack flavors define the size of a virtual server that can be launched. It includes compute, memory, and storage capacity of a virtual server.  A flavor consists of many parameters of which the following are required:

  • Flavor ID (required) – If not specified, an auto-generated ID shall be assigned
  • Name (required)
  • vCPUs (required)
  • Memory in MB (required)
  • Disk in GB (required)

In this tutorial, I’ll be explaining how to create/list/delete flavors in OpenStack using APIs.

How to create/list/delete flavors using OpenStack API

Before creating a flavor in OpenStack via API, well you must generate API tokens. If you haven’t, then head on to this article and create one using the cURL command. Once the tokens are generated, you can create flavors via cURL. To do that, let us consider a demo environment I had set up for the series of articles on OpenStack APIs.

Here is the demo API endpoint to create a flavor: http://192.168.30.10:8774/v2.1/flavors

I will be using OpenStack Version: 4.0.2

Create a flavor using OpenStack API

You can create a flavor using the following command:

Generate the Token

Before proceeding, generate the Token.

$ curl -s -X POST http://192.168.30.10:8774/v2.1/flavors -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "X-Auth-Token:$TOKEN" -d '{"flavor": {"vcpus": 1, "disk": 10, "name": "tg", "os-flavor-access:is_public": true, "ram": 256}}' | python -m json.tool

Output:

{
    "flavor": {
        "OS-FLV-DISABLED:disabled": false,
        "OS-FLV-EXT-DATA:ephemeral": 0,
        "disk": 10,
        "id": "54eb939a-a39a-40ae-b50c-ed69b9f565ba",
        "links": [
            {
                "href": "http://192.168.30.10:8774/v2.1/flavors/54eb939a-a39a-40ae-b50c-ed69b9f565ba",
                "rel": "self"
            },
            {
                "href": "http://192.168.30.10:8774/flavors/54eb939a-a39a-40ae-b50c-ed69b9f565ba",
                "rel": "bookmark"
            }
        ],
        "name": "tg",
        "os-flavor-access:is_public": true,
        "ram": 256,
        "rxtx_factor": 1.0,
        "swap": "",
        "vcpus": 1
    }
}

List all flavors using OpenStack API

Run the below cURL command to list all the flavors available for the user:

$ curl -s -X GET http://192.168.30.10:8774/v2.1/flavors -H "Accept: application/json" -H "X-Auth-Token: $TOKEN" | python -m json.tool

Output:

{
    "flavors": [
        {
            "id": "0",
            "links": [
                {
                    "href": "http://192.168.30.10:8774/v2.1/flavors/0",
                    "rel": "self"
                },
                {
                    "href": "http://192.168.30.10:8774/flavors/0",
                    "rel": "bookmark"
                }
            ],
            "name": "m1.small"
        },
        ... 
        ... 
        ...
        {
            "id": "54eb939a-a39a-40ae-b50c-ed69b9f565ba",
            "links": [
                {
                    "href": "http://192.168.30.10:8774/v2.1/flavors/54eb939a-a39a-40ae-b50c-ed69b9f565ba",
                    "rel": "self"
                },
                {
                    "href": "http://192.168.30.10:8774/flavors/54eb939a-a39a-40ae-b50c-ed69b9f565ba",
                    "rel": "bookmark"
                }
            ],
            "name": "tg"
        }        
    ]
}

List a flavor based on ID using OpenStack API

Run the below cURL command to list a specific flavor based on ID:

$ curl -s -X GET http://192.168.30.10:8774/v2.1/flavors/<ID> -H "Accept: application/json" -H "X-Auth-Token: $TOKEN" | python -m json.tool

Where <ID> is the flavor ID.

Output:

{
    "flavor": {
        "OS-FLV-DISABLED:disabled": false,
        "OS-FLV-EXT-DATA:ephemeral": 0,
        "disk": 20,
        "id": "0",
        "links": [
            {
                "href": "http://192.168.30.10:8774/v2.1/flavors/0",
                "rel": "self"
            },
            {
                "href": "http://192.168.30.10:8774/flavors/0",
                "rel": "bookmark"
            }
        ],
        "name": "m1.small",
        "os-flavor-access:is_public": true,
        "ram": 2048,
        "rxtx_factor": 1.0,
        "swap": "",
        "vcpus": 1
    }
}

Delete a flavor using OpenStack API

Run the below cURL command to delete a flavor based on ID:

$ curl -s -X DELETE http://192.168.30.10:8774/v2.1/flavors/<ID> -H "Accept: application/json" -H "X-Auth-Token:$TOKEN"

Where <ID> is the flavor ID.

Output: Nothing

Refer to OpenStack API documentation for more information. That’s it! Meet you in the next tutorial.

Updated on December 30, 2021

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