One of my colleague came up with a query – How to Delete First/Last ‘n’ lines from the output of a command in Shell? For example, he wanted to trim down all the unnecessary lines from the output of a command –
systemctl and print only the necessary lines. The command
systemctl contained few generic lines at the end of the output as shown below. Well, he wants to remove those lines and print the rest.
Below is the command before trimming down the unnecessary lines.
$systemctl -a --type=service ...... systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service loaded active exited Create Volatile Files and Directories systemd-udev-trigger.service loaded active exited udev Coldplug all Devices systemd-udevd.service loaded active running udev Kernel Device Manager systemd-update-done.service loaded active exited Update is Completed systemd-update-utmp-runlevel.service loaded inactive dead Update UTMP about System Runlevel Changes systemd-update-utmp.service loaded active exited Update UTMP about System Boot/Shutdown systemd-user-sessions.service loaded active exited Permit User Sessions systemd-vconsole-setup.service loaded active exited Setup Virtual Console tuned.service loaded active running Dynamic System Tuning Daemon LOAD = Reflects whether the unit definition was properly loaded. ACTIVE = The high-level unit activation state, i.e. generalization of SUB. SUB = The low-level unit activation state, values depend on unit type. 92 loaded units listed. To show all installed unit files use 'systemctl list-unit-files'.
In the above output, he wants to list only the services by removing the last 7 lines (space is also a line).
head command to remove the last 7 lines as shown below:
$ systemctl -a --type=service | head -n -7
- symbol before 7, which is very important.
How to remove first
n lines from the output of a shell command
To remove the first
n lines from the output of a shell command use
tail. Below example command removes the first 7 lines from the output of the shell command.
+ symbol before 7, which is very important.
$ systemctl -a --type=service | tail -n +7